Mesenteric Artery: Angioplasty and Stenting

Both angioplasty and stinting may be used to bypass the fatty deposits that build up in the arteries that feed intestines. Those that have mesenteric ischemia typically have blockages in many of the vessels in their superior mesenteric artery and the celiac axis.

Why and how is the procedure performed?

Blockages are cleared by a small incision in the arm to insert a catheter via the bronchial artery. Using image guidance, it is then guided into the abdominal aorta. Wire is then passed through each blockage and then a covered stent attached to a little balloon to open vessels may be placed. Access may also be granted through the femoral artery in the groin, or in the neck artery as well. Neither of these options is easy to accomplish though.